You can look through three lenses to understand the experiences of students and families of refugee backgrounds:
History of persecution and other traumatic events:
Pre-arrival exposure to violence and loss associated with persecution, human rights violations and forced displacement that impacts individuals, families and communities.
Protective and risk factors in Australia:
Settlement (whether permanent or temporary) is a difficult process involving a variety of new and ongoing challenges. Risk factors present barriers to trauma recovery and successful settlement. Protective factors mitigate risks (when one or more are present).
Settlement often takes place in the context of learning a new language and understanding a new culture. Additionally, families may have previously experienced persecution for their linguistic and cultural practices. Working with this dynamic requires recognition that every encounter is a cross-cultural one.